Tipos de Trabajos de Trabajador Social: Características y Funciones.

Un trabajador social ayuda a las personas a superar circunstancias difíciles de la vida, como discapacidades del desarrollo, problemas de abuso de drogas , falta de vivienda, quiebra o abuso doméstico. Hay muchos tipos diferentes de trabajos de trabajador social, que incluyen especializaciones en servicios para niños y familias, tratamiento de salud mental, asesoramiento sobre abuso de drogas o salud pública . Otros trabajos de trabajador social pueden involucrar trabajo administrativo, investigación y formulación de políticas. Los trabajadores sociales en todos los entornos suelen ser oyentes compasivos, buenos comunicadores y conocedores de las leyes y la ética.

Un trabajador social puede trabajar con adolescentes.

Empleos en Servicios Familiares

Anuncios

Los trabajadores sociales de servicios familiares brindan asesoramiento y recursos a las personas que luchan por mantener relaciones saludables. Pueden ayudar a los padres solteros a encontrar asistencia financiera, iniciar consejería matrimonial o familiar, o trabajar con niños o cónyuges abusados. Muchos trabajadores sociales se especializan en ayudar a los niños con sus problemas sociales, de comportamiento y escolares.

Un trabajador social podría trabajar en casos de abuso doméstico.

Most children and family services social worker jobs are found in government agencies, particularly health and human services departments. The US and other countries often have government agencies called Child Protective Services, Department of Children and Family Services, or similar names. These social workers work to protect children by investigating abuse or neglect, and support families through counseling and/or helping them get access to social services programs like food or housing assistance. Some jobs also involve helping to place children in foster care and arrange adoptions.

Anuncios

A social worker might work with the homeless.

Otros profesionales trabajan para consultorios privados, escuelas o grupos sin fines de lucro . Algunos trabajos implican trabajar con niños discapacitados o aquellos que luchan con trastornos de aprendizaje o de conducta. Además, algunos trabajos se superponen con los realizados por agencias gubernamentales; un trabajador social con una organización sin fines de lucro puede ayudar a los clientes a solicitar varios servicios sociales, por ejemplo, o trabajar para organizar adopciones. El trabajo de un trabajador social a menudo se realiza en una oficina, pero es posible que deba viajar con regularidad para asistir a reuniones o visitar clientes.

Los trabajadores sociales pueden ayudar a los veteranos que sufren lesiones de combate.

Anuncios

Trabajos de salud

Se pueden encontrar muchos trabajos de trabajador social en el cuidado de la salud, incluso en hospitales, hogares de ancianos y hospicios. Estos profesionales trabajan para ayudar a las personas a lidiar con los cambios a menudo muy traumáticos que pueden acompañar a una enfermedad grave u otra condición de salud. Una persona que queda discapacitada, por ejemplo, puede necesitar ayuda para encontrar vivienda, empleo y servicios de atención médica.

Los trabajadores sociales pueden trabajar con los ancianos en hogares de ancianos y hospicios.

Anuncios

Social workers who work with senior citizens may help to make sure they are receiving meals and adequate healthcare, or work with families to plan for how to look after members who can no longer care for themselves. Hospice and palliative social worker jobs involve helping people who are facing serious illnesses and end of life decisions. In some cases, these social worker jobs may cover similar situations; a person who works in a hospital may be called on to help a family deal with a loved one’s diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, for example.

Social workers may help children living in poverty.

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Jobs

Anuncios

Professionals who hold mental health or substance abuse social worker jobs help people come to terms with their conditions and work towards positive solutions. These jobs are often found in mental health facilities, veterans’ hospitals, and prisons. Often, mental health and substance abuse are co-occurring disorders, meaning that a person who is dealing with one of these conditions often struggles with the other as well.

Some medical social workers work with hospitalized children and their families.

Social workers may provide counseling and access to support groups, act as representatives to help clients get social or legal services, and work with family members so that they understand the conditions and treatment options available to clients. A mental health worker usually communicates with health professionals and caregivers to gain a comprehensive understanding of the client and his or her problems. He or she might help such a person find suitable housing, employment, or financial resources. Substance abuse social workers may counsel individuals who are trying to control their addictions and help them create healthy life plans.

Anuncios

Public Health, Policy and Planning Jobs

A social worker may also specialize in public health, awareness, or outreach programs. He or she might counsel patients on their options for obtaining insurance or medical assistance, or organize follow-up doctor visits and home care. Many professionals research and organize community awareness programs to inform people about certain public health concerns and what can be done if they are affected. Social workers often act as political advisers and community representatives when new public policies are needed.

Some social worker jobs are focused on working with legislators and government agencies to improve people’s lives on a larger scale. These jobs often involve analyzing social work programs and policies to see how well they are working and how they can be improved. Professionals in this area are also often called on to identify social problems and come up with new methods of addressing them. They may testify during public hearings, write position papers, and lobby legislators in an effort to improve social conditions.

Anuncios

Educational Requirements

A bachelor’s degree or higher in social work, psychology, or sociology is necessary to obtain social worker jobs in most settings. A new social worker may be required to spend up to two years working as an intern under the supervision of another professional so that he or she can gain firsthand knowledge of the job. Upon successful completion of an internship, an individual becomes eligible to obtain social worker certification.

A social worker can help connect people dealing with alcoholism to proper counselors.

Anuncios