La asistencia para el ajuste comercial tuvo lugar en los EE. UU. Como resultado de cambios en la economía causados ??por cambios en el equilibrio entre importaciones y exportaciones.

La Asistencia de Ajuste Comercial (TAA) es un tipo de programa que ayuda a los trabajadores desplazados a desarrollar nuevas habilidades laborales y encontrar trabajo en diferentes industrias. Uno de los ejemplos más comunes de este tipo de programa se encuentra en los Estados Unidos y se ha utilizado para ayudar a los consumidores que perdieron sus trabajos debido a la reducción de personal dentro de una industria a desarrollar habilidades que les permitieron buscar oportunidades de empleo en diferentes campos. En los Estados Unidos, el programa de Asistencia para el Ajuste Comercial se desarrolló como un esfuerzo conjunto entre el Departamento de Trabajo de los Estados Unidos, el Departamento de Comercio y el Departamento de Agricultura.

La asistencia para el ajuste comercial se dirige a trabajadores reducidos en industrias como la agricultura.

Los orígenes de la iniciativa de Asistencia para el Ajuste Comercial en los Estados Unidos se dieron cuando comenzaron a producirse cambios en la economía, debido a cambios en el equilibrio entre importaciones y exportaciones. Uno de los ejemplos más significativos de este tipo de actividad ocurrió con la industria textil en los Estados Unidos durante la década de 1960 y más allá. A medida que se importaban más textiles a la nación, los fabricantes de textiles con sede en EE. UU. Comenzaron a reducir las operaciones de las plantas dentro del país. Algunas de las reducciones fueron parte de una estrategia para trasladar las operaciones al exterior, aprovechando los menores costos laborales y operativos. En otras ocasiones, el cierre de las plantas textiles se debió a una pérdida de beneficios que dificultó el sostenimiento de la operación de esas plantas.

As more workers were displaced due to the plant closings, the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 along with the Trade Act of 1974 provided for resources to aid those displaced workers to develop new job skills that would allow them to move into other industries that were less impacted by the shift in the balance between imports and exports. The exact process for managing this reeducation and job placement initiative varied, sometimes due to the type of job opportunities that remained in the area where the displaced employees resided. In some cases, the program also provided help with relocation to other communities that were capable of providing a wider range of job opportunities.

Qualifying for participation in the Trade Adjustment Assistance program usually requires proof that the workers have been directly impacted by increased imports that in turn trigger a reduction in the production efforts of their employers. The amount of that impact must be significant, and has at times been identified as a minimum of 20% of the employer’s production or sales. Companies that serve as major suppliers to the companies directly affected by imports may also qualify for some type of assistance.

When the employee is let go due to no work being available or a plant facility closing, the provisions of the Trade Adjustment Assistance help to create educational opportunities that allow the employee to gain the skills necessary to secure viable employment in another field. This can include resources that cover the costs of technical training or some type of program specifically designed by the state and approved by the Department of Labor. The overriding goal of Trade Adjustment Assistance is to equip individuals for employment, which helps to keep the percentage of unemployed citizens at a lower rate. In some states, the programs would not only include job education, but also aid in the task of job placement upon successful completion of the retraining effort.

Over time, Trade Adjustment Assistance has provided training and placement opportunities for individuals formerly related to a number of industries. Farmers have sometimes been eligible for the program, as well as employees in the electronics and automotive industries. Since 2006, individuals employed with companies that produce digital products have also been covered under the provisions of this program, making it possible for employees who lose their jobs due to software imports to also seek assistance.